Jumat, 13 November 2009

Biografi Sir Issac Newton

Sir Isaac Newton, (January 4, 1643 - March 31, 1727) is a physicist, mathematician, astronomer and chemist who also came from England. He is the heliocentric and followers of the highly influential scientists throughout history, even said to be the father of modern physics.

With a variety of scientific work achieved, Newton wrote a book the Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, which is described in the book about the theory of gravity in general, based on the discovery of the laws of motion, where it will be pulled downward due to gravity. Working together with Gottfried Leibniz, Newton developed the theory of calculus. Newton was the first to describe the theory of motion and plays an important role in formulating the law of circular motion of Kepler, which Newton's law extended by assuming that a circular orbit is not necessarily a perfect circle (like elipse, hyperbola and parabola). Newton discovered the color spectrum when the experiment with white light through a prism, he also believed that the light is a collection of particles. Newton also developed the law of cooling in the gain of the binomial theory, and found a principle of momentum and angular momentum.


Early periods

Newton was born in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, Lincolnshire county Hamlet born prematurely, which was a premature baby not expected his presence in the world. His father, Isaac, died three months before the birth of Newton, and two years later his mother, Hannah Ayscough Newton, is married to another man and left Newton with his grandmother. Newton was a smart kid.

Based on statements E.T. Bell (1937, Simon and Schuster) and H. Eves: Newton started school while living with his grandmother in the village and then sent to language school in Grantham where he eventually became the smartest kid in school. We went to school in Grantham, he lived in a boarding of a local pharmacist named William Clarke. Before you go to college at the University of Cambridge at the age of 19, Newton had established the love with a younger host William Clarke, Anne Storer. When Newton focuses on the lessons, the story of his love by becoming increasingly erratic and finally Storer married someone else. Many menegatakan that he, Newton, always remembering the love story even further Newton never mentioned having a girlfriend and even been married.

Since the age of 12 to 17 years, Newton was educated at Kings School The school is located in Grantham (his signature is still there in the school library). Newton took his family from the school on the grounds that he was a farmer alone, however, Newton does not seem to like his new job. But in the end after convincing his family and his mother with the help of an uncle and mentor, Newton could finish school at the age of 18 years with a satisfactory score.

List of Newton

Method of Fluxions (1671)
De Motu Corporum (1684)
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687)
Opticks (1704)
Reports as Master of the Mint (1701-1725)
Arithmetica Universalis (1707)
An Historical Account of Two Notable Corruption of Scripture (1754)
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